Namibia has completed its review of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) strategy which illustrate its commitment towards a climate compatible development pathway that does not contribute towards global warming Greenhouse gases (GHGs). Initiative such as “ Green Hydrogen Energy Institute” respond directly to the National Climate Change Policy of Namibia as well as its Strategy and Action Plan regarding mitigation and co-benefits.
Green Hydrogen Initiative potentially have environmental impacts as well as economic and social impacts. As a response to the NDC and National Climate Change Policy, the University of Namibia would like to take the lead in coordinating a National level initiative to develop Green Hydrogen Energy for Namibia. According to the Environmental Management Act (EMA) No.7 of 2007, Environmental clearance certificates are required for specific activities including: Energy generation, transmission and storage activities and Waste management, treatment, handling and disposal activities.
Since feasibility studies listed in the Green Hydrogen Initiatives concepts fall in these categories (activities listed in EMA No.7 or 2007), a comprehensive Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) accompanied by Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) on each of feasibility study will be conducted.
According to EMA - Programmes, Strategic Plans and Policy initiatives requires an SEA and not an EIA. An EIA is required for projects (developmental projects). It is against this background that we propose an SEA to be accompanied by EIA on each feasibility study. The SEA will serve as a framework for all EIA because the proposed Initiative is a national programme.
For each feasibility study an EIA will examine the potential effects on the environment of a proposal/feasibility study. In addition a Social Impact Assessment (SIA) will be conducted to develop an understanding of the current social environment and assessing the potential impacts of proposed developmental projects on the social environment in order to suggest mitigation measures.
We understand that EIAs are multi-disciplinary in nature and as such need a team of expertise determined by the feasibility studies and aims of the proposed projects. The team leaders have the following attributes:
In addition to the team leaders, the SEA and EIAs assessments will be done by technical teams involved in the feasibility studies and will involve the following: